Russia to Gays: Get Back into the Closet

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Alexander Natruskin / Reuters

Police detain Russian gay-rights leader Nikolai Alexeyev during an unsanctioned gay-rights protest in Moscow on May 16, 2009

Being gay is not supposed to be a crime in Russia. Homosexuality was decriminalized in 1993; six years later, the law that sent gays and lesbians to psychiatric wards was annulled. But Russia would still rather have its homosexual citizenry invisible — and silent. Nikolai Alexeyev knows that very well. He's just been released from jail for trying to organize a gay-rights demonstration in Moscow.

Alexeyev, 31, had decided to stage a gay-pride march to take advantage of the spotlight Moscow was enjoying for playing host to the Eurovision finals over the weekend. "We want equal rights. We don't want to be discriminated against," the director of said a couple of days before the parade. "Many Eurovision fans are gay, and they will be watching what happens to us." Wary of the government of Moscow's openly homophobic mayor Yuri Luzhkov (a similar March two years ago had somehow ended in violence as neo-Nazis and religious groups attacked demonstrators), Alexeyev used guerrilla tactics and, at the last minute, moved the parade from Moscow's center, farther north to Sparrow Hills. (Read about the results of the 2009 Eurovision finals.)

At the same time, an anti-gay demonstration sanctioned by Moscow's government was taking place near a metro station in the central part of the Russian capital. Protesters held up signs saying, "Moscow is not Sodom." Vladimir Terechenko, a refrigerator repairman, said he tells his sons repeatedly that if they come out as homosexuals he will kill them. "Homosexuality is the end of civilization. They are pale, they are sickly, and they smell," he said. He echoes the opinions of Luzhkov, who has said homosexuality is a disease that needs to be treated, has called gays satanic and has vowed that there will never be a gay parade in Moscow. Despite the violent beliefs and the hateful messages of the anti-gay protesters, they were left untouched by Russian riot police, who sat meekly in their vans during the demonstration. (See pictures of Russia celebrating its military might.)

Not so at Alexeyev's march. There, an estimated 30 protesters unwrapped rainbow banners and chanted for less than half a minute before Moscow riot police rounded up and arrested everyone involved. Alexeyev, who came to the parade accompanied by a man in a bride's dress, was swiftly carried off by riot police. One woman, who was surrounded by cameras, was grabbed by riot police as she was giving interviews, her shirt torn on the way to the police bus. Peter Tatchell, a British gay-rights activist, flew to Moscow for the event. He was speaking to reporters before he too was arrested. "This shows Russian people are not free," he told reporters.

Alexeyev was held overnight in prison and was interrogated for hours at a time. "The psychological pressure was overwhelming," he told TIME. "This was by far the worst treatment from the police that I have ever received." He has been arrested four times since starting in 2005. Still, Alexeyev says he will not stop until gay and lesbian couples have the same rights as all other Russians. "We want the right to adopt children and the right to get married." His work has come at a price. When he came out at 22, he was in the middle of pursuing a master's degree in law. But when he announced that the topic of his thesis would be gay-rights legislation in Europe, he was expelled. Says he: "There is a homophobic totalitarian past in Russia, while in the present, there is this huge influence of the Orthodox Church, and Russian authorities are doing nothing to stop homophobia."

See 10 things to do in Moscow.

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