Photos: India's Turning Points

Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
Bettmann / Corbis

1952: Towards Socialism
The Congress Party, headed by India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, triumphs in the young nation's first general election. Nehru establishes a five-year plan for agricultural reform, committing India to a socialist path to development.

Get the Latest Photos from
Get TIME photos and pictures of the week delivered directly to your inbox.