In Brief: Aug. 14, 2000

NIGHTMARE Turns out youngsters have reason to fear the dark. Researchers in Europe have found that babies born at night are at greater risk of early death. Studying low-risk births, they learned that infants born between 9 p.m. and 6:59 a.m. were almost twice as likely to die in the first few weeks of life as babies born during the day. A likely cause: hospital-staff fatigue during night shifts.

GENDER INEQUALITY By age 4 1/2, boys usually display better spatial skills and reasoning than girls of the same age--skills that are used later in life to do math and read...

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