Medicine: The Dangerous Arm

Little League baseball is tough enough on the psyche of anxious parents who are determined that their kids win—or else.

The kids themselves take a different beating. Across the U.S., pediatricians have come to recognize that young pitchers frequently suffer injuries that are painfully reminiscent of big-league headlines.

The diagnosis: "Little League elbow" and "Little League shoulder." Both troubles result from the fact that bone and cartilage in youngsters have not hardened to the point where they can sustain the stress of continued hard pitching. In Little League elbow, the piece of bone that rests at the end of the elbow (the...

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