Science: A New Long March for China

Mobilizing to try to catch up in science and technology

They were the world's first masters of science. Long before the Europeans, they knew how to use the compass, make paper and gunpowder, print with movable type, build canal locks and segmented arch bridges. Now, after centuries of languishing behind the West, the Chinese are once again aspiring to leadership in science and technology. By the year 2000, China hopes to catch up with the U.S., Europe and Japan and in some areas even to exceed them.

Peking is calling this ambitious national goal a New Long March, an echo of the 6,000-mile...

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