DEFENSE: Painful Pentagon Cuts

"I don't know if I have—or want —any political future in Massachusetts." With that glum assessment, Secretary of Defense Elliot Richardson responded to mounting criticism of his order last week to shut down 40 military bases and reduce many others, including several in his home state of Massachusetts. An estimated 42,800 military and civilian jobs will be eliminated at a saving of some $375 million a year. Says a Pentagon official: "We have never hit so few places so hard before."

Some are harder hit than others. New England will suffer the most. In Rhode Island, where the U.S....

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