Behavior: The Stages of Man

It is certain that there was once a man called Freud. He lived in Vienna from 1860 to 1938, and by using a new therapeutic technique called psychoanalysis, he evolved a radical theory of human personality based on the importance of early childhood and its persistence as a state of mind in everyone. But. as Auden has remarked, Freud has been transmogrified into "a whole climate of opinion."

His theories have always been freely —sometimes wildly—adapted in art and literature. But most of Freud's own followers limited his legacy by insisting at least as...

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