ITALY: Two Wars

For Italy, as the Allied radio had warned, the breathing spell was over (TIME, Aug. 16). Now the big planes, winging through the night from England, crested the Alps, dropped their explosive and incendiary reminders on Milan and Turin. By day, up from Mediterranean shores came precision bombers to give Rome its second, searing assault.

Political objectives were meshed with the military. The bombardiers' sights aimed at railroad yards, aircraft plants, armament works"and the will of the Italian people. The Allied High Command had had enough of temporizing by Premier Pietro Badoglio. With the bombs on Italy's cities fell leaflets...

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