National Affairs: BRIGHT SPECTRUM

"Scientists," says a California physicist, "are this century's version of the explorers of earlier times" And yet, as a nuclear chemist says, "most scientists are rather revoltingly normal in their manners and their way of life." These nine leading lights of U.S. science prove both points by their composite beginnings, their curiosities and their achievements. They also prove why the nation's scientific resources are basically sound and promising.

Luis Walter Alvarez, 46, sports-jacketed professor of physics and associate director of the University of California's Radiation Laboratory, has been called the "prize wild-idea man."...

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