ARGENTINA: New Government

This week, just 50 days after General Eduardo Lonardi took over the Argentine presidency from Juan Perón, the anti-Perón revolutionary movement split like an overripe melon—and moderate Eduardo Lonardi was in the wrong half. Without waiting for the guns to be drawn ug, he quietly stepped down. Into office went another, tougher revolutionary, Major General Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, 52.

The decisive split developed over an emotionally charged issue: should the vanquished followers of Perón be treated to stern vengeance or lenient tolerance? Some of Lonardi's backers demanded a hard-handed crackdown, picturing the...

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