"I've heard from the bicycle people, the candy, the textiles, the woolen industries, and the fishing companies," groaned Massachusetts' Democratic Representative Thomas P. O'Neill last week. He was not alone. As the U.S. House of Representatives moved toward consideration of President Eisenhower's liberalized foreign trade bill, protests against it rolled in from the Twisted Jute Packing & Oakum Institute, the Amalgamated Lace Operatives of America, the Cherry Growers & Industries Foundation and hundreds of other interests seeking to hang on to tariff protection.

Because the leadership of both parties went all-out for...

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