Dwight D. Eisenhower squared his shoulders and told reporters: "A man in my position must take over."

At 8:15 one morning, rested and fit after his vacation, he appeared at his desk in Denver's Brown Palace Hotel, called a staff meeting. First of all, said Ike, he wanted everyone to wear "a ready grin . . . Confidence is required in any battle. I'm confident and I want all of you to be confident. In Europe, I sent some otherwise able leaders home because they went around all the time with long faces."

All week, Eisenhower conferred with advisers from all...

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