INDIA: Happy Birthday, Dear Mohandas

Children appeared at nightfall as if conjured up by magicians. They skipped from house to house with secretly printed bulletins calling for new mass demonstrations against British rule during the week of Mohandas K. Gandhi's 73rd birthday.

When the day came, followers of Gandhi's Indian National Congress party picketed government offices, sang their anthem, Bande Mataram.* They hung out Congress flags. They closed their shops. Leaders who were still unjailed tried to control the violence. They failed.

In Orissa Province furious mobs stormed police stations. At Eram 25 were killed. In Old Delhi gunfire dispersed 2,000 demonstrators. In Bombay, scene of...

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