Education: Who Will Run the Colleges?

Congress lowering of the draft age to 18 cleared the college air. College officials, who had decided that any policy, however tough, was better than no policy, applauded. If the youth draft did not settle the wartime fate of the 1,700 U.S. colleges (enrollment: about 1,120,000), it set the stage for a settlement. Cleared up was the question: who would go to college—only men in uniform and the physically unfit. A battle over a big remaining question began behind closed doors in Washington: Who would run the colleges, the Army & Navy or civilians?

The Army & Navy wanted to take...

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