World Battlefronts: BATTLE OF AFRICA: Tips and Torpedoes

Along Africa's 6,000-mile west coast the Axis fought two wars, one of torpedoes, one of words.

> U-boats, hunting in packs as they had off North America last spring and summer, struck hard at supply ships of the United Nations. Berlin claimed twelve ships directly outside Cape Town, many others off Freetown, Sierra Leone and other west coast ports. Biggest claims: the 20,119-ton Canadian liner Duchess of Atholl and the 23,456-ton Orcades.

> The Germans and their Vichyfrench cohorts broadcast repeated reports that the United Nations were massing for a land and sea assault on Dakar, tip of Africa's western bulge. Said...

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