CIVIL DEFENSE: Bomb Shelters Away

Early this month, Millard F. Caldwell, the U.S. civil-defense boss, went grimly to Congress with a request for $535 million. Cities .and states were clamoring for civil-defense funds and guidance, he said, and he voiced a warning: "In our present state of unawareness and unpreparedness, a half-dozen bombs on as many cities, with a consequent million casualties, would so shock and benumb the American public that the very will to fight and win could be lost."

Missouri's Clarence Cannon, House appropriations czar, greeted the request with a hoot. "Any preparation we make for...

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