ITALY: Slayer of Bureaucrats

Italy may not be the mother of bureaucracy, but it has created one of the greatest broods of them all. From 70,000 bureaucrats in 1870, when Italy was united, to 635,000 under Mussolini, the government's rolls have swelled today to more than a million. As well as the government can determine (and it is not sure), it has 1,150,000 employees, whose paychecks account for half the national budget. This total includes schoolteachers, but not another 600,000 persons employed by provincial and local governments.

Government efficiency experts estimate that only 20% of the civil servants really try to help the hapless...

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