War: Reconstruction

Now that the war was ending, the U.N. liberators of Korea faced two big problems—economic reconstruction and political reconstruction.

Thousands of dwellings had been destroyed in Seoul, Taegu, Taejon and in numberless villages. Korea's industry had been shattered. Steel and aluminum plants had been crippled or destroyed. At Hungnam, the largest fertilizer plant in Korea had been heavily damaged. Inchon's locomotive works and railway repair shop lay in ruins. Ninety per cent of South Korea's railway bridges and the majority of her electric substations had been smashed.

Most of the industrial destruction had been...

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