TURKEY: Puzzle in Policy

"For as long as you can honorably do so, keep Turkey out of war. But if you must go to war, don't fight on Germany's side. With Germany, you lose if you win." —such were the legendary last words of Mustafa Kamâl Atatürk, creator of modern Turkey.

Last week Turkey's Premier Dr. Refik Saydani (rhymes with "by damn"), the bald little former Health Minister whose hospitals and clinics brought fine physical health to "the sick man of Europe," died of a heart attack at 61. Dr. Saydani had had personal leanings toward the United Nations.

To be his successor, President Ismet...

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