Foreign News: Anyone Is Guilty

The faces told the story. For all their bestial apathy, for all the unfolding record of their deeds at Belsen and Oswiecim, the men and women in the dock at Luneburg were human, and theirs were human crimes.

It was generally true, as Joseph Kramer, Irma Grese and their lesser co-defendants said, that they had obeyed orders ("Anyone in the SS is as guilty as anyone else"). A corollary truth, hard for the occupiers to grasp, was that the basic crime—Naziism—was not an individual but a national crime. Since this was so, the German...

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