The verdict of failure in London was all but unanimous. The conclusion that the U.S. might as well readjust her international ways and thinking to a world of bloc v. bloc was all too easy to accept. Even those who hoped only that the infant United Nations Organization might bridge the gap for a while seemed to be whistling in a bitter wind.

There was one strongly dissenting voice. John Foster Dulles, the Republican Party's prophet of internationalism, had been the chief adviser to the U.S. delegation at the San Francisco conference, and he had similarly served Secretary Byrnes in London....

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