World Battlefronts: BATTLE OF ITALY: A Ridge and a Pass

General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery's Eighth led with a crack at the Germans' Adriatic jaw. General Mark Clark's Fifth Army followed with a smash at the Tyrrhenian side. Both blows were aimed ultimately at Rome, where the Allies had once hoped to be before Christmas.

One from the Eighth. Montgomery attacked in the Montgomery manner. On a bridgehead across the swollen Sangro River he massed his British, Indian and New Zealand troops, some still bearing the tan of Africa and Sicily. Then he lined up his artillery. All one day the guns thundered; between breakfast and tea 50,000 shells gouged the...

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