On the eve of the fall of Rome, Pope Pius XII spoke to the College of Cardinals on a matter close to his heart. Clothing his thought in undulant papal prose, he begged the Allies to reconsider their stated war aim: unconditional surrender. Said he, in part:
"Day and night, our thoughts are bent on one sole purpose: how we may be able to meet this bitter trial, helping all without distinction of nationality or race, and how we may help toward restoring peace at last to tortured mankind. . . .
"[There is] the impression or the fear that there...
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