RACES: Signal

Among 1,000 Southerners who swarmed into the auditorium of conservative Birmingham, Ala. last week for a Southern Conference for Human Welfare, were scores of Negroes, mostly educated. As this was a "progressive conference expressing the progressive spirit of the South," in response to the findings of President Roosevelt's National Emergency Council on "the nation's No. 1 economic problem" (TIME, July 18), blacks mingled freely with whites in selecting their seats. They did so, at least, for two days. Then the police of Birmingham appeared and, herding the black delegates into a segregated...

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