The Vanishing Negro

Over all the black, rich delta land of Mississippi, which produces 7% of the nation's cotton crop, Southern whites last week were lifting their own loads, toting their own bales. In the hills, white women and small boys sweated behind the mules down the long hot rows of cotton and corn.

For Mississippi, which still has the nation's second largest Negro population (1,074,578), was running short of Negroes.

Since 1940, when Mississippi whites outnumbered Negroes for the first time in a century, an estimated 50,000 Negroes have left the state, heading north in...

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