Red Alert

From Queen Elizabeth I to Clara Bow, red lipstick has made an indelible mark on society's evolving definition of glamour

ca. 1559 Queen Elizabeth I, who believed lipstick had health benefits, wore it with the white makeup she used to conceal facial scars

1783 French Queen Marie Antoinette was 28 when she sat for this portrait by Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun

19th century Carefully colored red lips were an essential aspect of a Japanese geisha's appearance

ca. 1929 Flappers adopted the defiant look popularized earlier by Gibson Girls and suffragettes

1950s The bright hues favored by movie stars like Ava Gardner, above, and Marilyn Monroe sparked a fashion trend

1960s Yves Saint Laurent made crimson an integral part of his signature look in...

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