Jimmy Carter has a mixed record on post-presidential peacemaking. He helped oust a Haitian dictator and set North Korea on a path to freezing its nuclear program in 1994 but later that year inked an unofficial cease-fire with Bosnian Serbs months before they slaughtered 8,000 Muslim civilians at Srebrenica. Now Carter has riled the Bush Administration by talking to leaders of the militant Palestinian group Hamas in Syria.

President Bush is trying belatedly to move an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal forward, and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice says the U.S. asked Carter not to engage with Hamas' leaders because they support Israel's...

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