23 Years Ago In TIME

The news in 1978 that Lesley Brown was about to deliver the world's first TEST-TUBE BABY sparked banner headlines--and the sort of debates that still rage over cloning and stem-cell research:

For many scientists, there were even more sweeping ramifications. They noted that in-vitro fertilization techniques may give researchers an important new laboratory tool for devising ways of coping with genetic diseases, testing new methods of contraception and, perhaps most important of all, studying close up one of nature's most awesome and still baffling processes: the first stirrings of life... Other researchers were far more skeptical of going beyond in-vitro fertilization...

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