As President Clinton scrambles frantically to produce an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal during his last three weeks in office, the protagonists appear to be a lot further away from peace than they were late in 1993. Five Palestinians reportedly died at the hands of Israeli security forces and 30 Israelis were injured in a terrorist car bombing on Monday, as violence escalated ahead of Arafat's departure. Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak Tuesday cast doubt over Clinton's prospects, suggesting Arafat was not serious about making peace at this late stage. Indeed, it's hard to avoid the conclusion that Arafat may be going through the motions for diplomacy's sake, and enjoying one final fling at the White House in the knowledge that it may be years before he's invited back. It certainly involves a stretch of the imagination to imagine Arafat accepting guarantees made by a lame duck U.S. president, much less cut a deal with an Israeli leader who looks set to be swept out of office by his hawkish opponent when Israel goes to the polls a month from now.
Both Arafat and Barak under pressure at home
The purpose of the Palestinian leader's visit is to "clarify" President Clinton's framework proposals for a final peace agreement reportedly that Israel agree to withdraw from all of Gaza and 95 percent of the West Bank, including most of East Jerusalem and the Islamic holy sites, and the Palestinians to drop claims for the right of return to Israel of some 4 million Palestinian refugees forbidden by Israeli law from returning to homes they or their ancestors fled in 1948 during Israel's war of independence. Under mounting domestic pressure, Barak has suggested he'd accept the deal with reservations but wouldn't sign over sovereignty over the Muslim sites. That issue alone, as Camp David showed, could be enough to scupper a deal. But after three months of a bitter intifada that has seen the Palestinian street increasingly willing to contradict Arafat, the Palestinian leader may now find himself unable to simply sign away the claims of the refugees, even if that had been his original intention. Right now, the followers of both Chairman Arafat and Prime Minister Barak are simply not yet ready to conclude a workable peace, and that's something that can't be changed by the best efforts and intentions of soon to be ex-President Clinton.