Islam in Europe: A Changing Faith

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There's standing room only in a converted warehouse in the decaying industrial hinterland north of central Paris. It's mid-October, just days after the first U.S. bombs fell on Afghanistan, and the French magazine La Médina — which serves as an outlet for the country's Muslim population — has organized a public meeting on the significance for Islam of the Sept. 11 attacks and their aftermath.

The atmosphere is electric. The men are in jeans and sportswear, while most of the women wear scarves over their heads. With few exceptions, the audience is made up of North...