It takes more than a decade of intensive training and apprenticeship to develop enough skill to work as a perfumer for a leading fragrance developer such as Givaudan or IFF. In this picture Bella Glazman, an IFF fragrance stability technician, smells a mix of ingredients from a blotter. To master her craft, Glazman, like many others who work for top flavor and fragrance companies, has to keep her nose in top shape with periodic training. In addition to training its staff of scent evaluators, IFF runs a perfumery school for future talent. Students study at IFF headquarters in Manhattan as well as at the company's facilities in Grasse, France. After formal studies, they being apprenticeships.