Haiti's History of Misery

Francois Dominique Toussaint L'Ouverture revolting against the French in St. Dominique
Bettmann / Corbis

A Nation Is Born
Following 13 years of revolution, Haiti becomes independent in 1804. Former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines assumes the title of Emperor. Rebels kill him two years later, and civil war breaks out.

Get the Latest Photos from Time.com
Get TIME photos and pictures of the week delivered directly to your inbox.