Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King Civil Rights 1960s NAACP Freedom Riders Montgomery Buss Boycott I have a Dream murdered Memphis assassination
Don Cravens / Time Life Pictures / Getty

The Montgomery Bus Boycott
In 1955, the black citizens of Montgomery, Alabama, inspired by the arrest of Rosa Parks, who refused to give her seat to a white man, began a 13-month boycott of the city bus system. The strike was coordinated by the Montgomery Improvement Association, with King as its president.

Get the Latest Photos from Time.com
Get TIME photos and pictures of the week delivered directly to your inbox.