Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Helmuth Lohmann / AP

Nobel Peace Prize
Tutu held various distinguished positions in the 1970s, enabling him to actively fight against apartheid and for equality between races in South Africa. Using his degree in theology and his teaching background, he became the first black African Bishop of Johannesburg in 1975 and from 1976 to 1978 was Bishop of Lesotho. In 1984, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts, and was the second South African to receive such an honor.

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