More than four in five Quebec residents speaks French. As expected, nine in 10 of the English speakers voted against secession. TIME's McWhirter reports from Montreal that the small margin of victory is less a conclusion to the secession debate than a wakeup call for the federalists: "While the vote may have failed to institutionalize separatism, it certainly institutionalizes division. Whether the other ten provinces are now willing to grant special status equal to sovereignty is going to be the single preoccupying crisis point for the entire government and, unfortunately, for the entire country. Only one province voted, but every single citizen in Canada will be drawn into the debate about how to satisfy Quebec."