The U.N. had hoped that Arkan, indicted for war crimes committed in the Balkans from 1991 to '95, would testify at The Hague that he had performed his atrocities on Milosevic's orders. For years the Serbian government has denied this, but Arkan had begun to differ, telling TIME last April that he had acted under the command of the Yugoslav army and, by implication, under the command of Milosevic.
Finding out who is responsible for Arkan's death won't be easy. The events are already murky whether there was one gunman or two is in question and suspicious: Somehow, the assailant(s) managed to get off at least 38 shots and still have time to escape. As with many things related to the last, terrible decade in the Balkans, the truth may never fully be known.