A Simmering Civil War

With the peace process falling apart, the last thing Israel needs is civil war. But that is what it almost had in its Arab neighborhoods and towns during the past two weeks. Israel's Arab minority rioted in the Galilee and in major cities like Jaffa and Haifa. Jewish mobs responded with attacks of their own. "Coexistence between Arabs and Jews in Israel has started to collapse," says Salah Tarif, a Druze Arab member of Prime Minister Ehud Barak's One Israel party.

The problem is that the 1 million citizens Israel calls Israeli Arabs tend to think of themselves as Palestinians who...

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