Milestones: 56 Years Ago In Time

The science of polling has come a long way since 1948, when TIME did a cover story on GEORGE GALLUP. But even then, the results of his nationwide surveys had the potential to change the dynamics of a political race.

This week the Gallup poll had some sizzling statistics to report. After an unprecedented series of ups and downs, President Harry Truman's political popularity was within 4% of his alltime low. As of last week, only 36% of U.S. voters still thought the President was doing a good job. As the President's stock fell, the fortunes of his Republican rivals...

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