On a hot summer afternoon in June 1963, a small-statured military man knocked at my dormitory door at the University of Alabama. He announced himself to be HENRY GRAHAM. After a brief introduction--he was the National Guard general who had paved the way for me to walk past Governor George Wallace earlier that day, thus desegregating the university--he said in his polished and militaristic style, "I just came by to see who it was that had brought me down here to this hot-as-hell, God-awful place because he or she wanted to go to school." He said he also wanted to see...

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