Tribalism: Raising Hope

The ideological divisions that plagued the 20th century may have disappeared, but new fault lines have been drawn in their place. The most explosive one: ethnic conflict. The dissolution of nations in

From his fifth-floor office overlooking downtown Kigali, Jean-Pierre Bizimana surveys the landscape of a nation struggling to survive. The undulating countryside, full of rich volcanic soil, is rampant with disease and malnutrition. In much of rural Rwanda, fields lie fallow because there is no money for fertilizer and seeds. Ninety percent of the Rwandan population is unemployed. The average income is $180 a year, and life expectancy is 40.

Rwanda is known as the "Land of a Thousand Hills." Since 1994, when the country convulsed in genocidal spasms that killed 1 million people, it has mostly been a land of tears....

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