Jaycee Louise Buzzanca is a healthy two-year-old with a problem. Although six people might qualify as her parents, a California judge has ruled that she is legally parentless. Her bizarre case is an object lesson in how far the law has trailed behind advances in infertility science.

After trying unsuccessfully for years to have a child, John and Luanne Buzzanca in 1994 arranged to have a fertility clinic combine an egg and sperm from anonymous donors. The embryo was implanted in a surrogate, Pamela Snell, a married mother of two, who contracted with the Buzzancas to carry the baby to term....

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