ARE SURGEONS TOO CREATIVE?

NEW OPERATIONS DON'T FACE THE SAME SCRUTINY AS NEW DRUGS--AND CRITICS ARE INCREASINGLY WORRIED ABOUT RISKS TO PATIENTS

James W. Henry, 78, of Clarendon, Arkansas, is sure he found a miracle. For 30 years, the retired postmaster suffered from emphysema caused by smoking. Even though he gave up cigarettes in 1962, Henry's condition kept getting worse. The emphysema had created so many permanent blisters in his lungs that he could barely cross the room without gasping for air. So when Dr. Joel Cooper of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri, told him about a radical new idea--cutting out the useless pieces of his lungs to give him more room to breathe--Henry jumped at the chance...

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