When the war ended in 1945, none of the 992 Tuskegee Airmen was able to get a job in commercial aviation. And even today, less than 1% of the approximately 71,000 pilots nationwide are African Americans. "It has been a struggle all the way," said Perry Jones, a former Air Force flyer and Delta captain who heads the Organization of Black Airline Pilots. "We had more black pilots in 1942 than we do today." Few jobs offer as much glamour as an airline pilot's or pay so well--up to $180,000 a year at a major airline. And few jobs remain so...

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