Enemies: Black vs. Black vs. White

Negotiations should eventually resume, but De Klerk can save his reforms -- and the nation -- only if the bloody cycle of black violence is halted

Something ominous was forgotten over the past two years as President F.W. de Klerk went about burying apartheid and accepting praise from grateful citizens and foreign statesmen: even more than in the past, South Africa's 5 million whites and 28.5 million blacks were living in separate worlds. Whites, of course, continued to enjoy the comfort and security of leafy suburbs. At least two-thirds of them were prepared to share governance with blacks -- but not to surrender all their power or any of their wealth. Life in the matchbox townships, meanwhile, became a daily nightmare unimagined by whites. Not only were...