Fear And Betrayal

In the Stasi State As the vast archives of the secret police are opened, former East Germans are finding ugly evidence of a pervasive system of deceit

In April 1988 a tiny organization called the Initiative for Peace and Human Rights gathered in the East Berlin apartment of Gerd and Ulrike Poppe to draft a letter protesting the deportation of two of the group's members. The 15 people at the meeting had been close friends for years. Most were involved in Lutheran church activities; two were pastors. And at least four of the 15 were also paid informers of the East German Ministry for State Security, the Stasi.

The Poppes, who were denied educational opportunities and adequate housing during the Stasi's reign, have now been allowed to see...

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