The Presidency: The Lessons of History

The Lessons of History

It was only a wisp of information that slipped through the rings of security that girdle the secret enclaves of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. But once loose, it ravaged the beltway's old establishment.

It was that a war to oust Saddam Hussein from Kuwait, to invade, contain and ultimately neutralize Iraq as a military threat, would take 1 million American troops. To anyone familiar with the war planners' imperative to be ready for any contingency, the figure is not startling. The White House has been told of the Pentagon's estimates; the figures reflect the fear generated by the U.S. failure...

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