South Africa Roar of the Lions

The official armed struggle may be suspended, but bloody tribal violence threatens to split the black majority and destroy Mandela's authority

The slaughter began with an incident all too familiar in South Africa's seething black urban townships. Returning from a Sunday drinking session in a local shebeen, or pub, a noisy group of Xhosa migrant workers from the grim, single-sex hostels of Tokoza township clashed with a crowd of Zulu rivals. Insults were traded, weapons brandished. When the dust settled, a man lay dead. Some said the victim was a Zulu killed by Xhosas, others a Xhosa killed by Zulus. In the end it hardly mattered: the murder unleashed tribal-based animosities that date back centuries and have claimed 4,000 people over the...

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