The Communist Party voted to dissolve, then resurrected itself as the Social Democratic Party. Tadeusz Fiszbach, a popular party leader who quit in 1981 to protest martial law, said a neo-Communist group had "no credibility," and formed a breakaway organization called the Union of Social Democracy.
Communists relinquished over 100 seats in the 350-seat Federal Assembly, which were then distributed among more than 40 new political parties. The move was aimed at giving reform groups a voice in parliament prior to June elections.
The holdover Communist regime of Premier Georgi Atanasov resigned, and party chief Petar Mladenov, who...