Sanctions: What Spells Success?

Now that F.W. de Klerk has promised "an end to white domination" and "a new era" in South Africa, antiapartheid campaigners in the U.S. and Europe have begun to claim success for the economic sanctions they imposed during the 1980s. Such credit takers should beware of premature celebration; victory is not at hand, and foreign pressure on the land of apartheid has not had quite the effect that was predicted.

( All along there has been confusion about what would constitute success for sanctions. True, the U.S. ban on importing coal and agricultural products cost South Africa more than $400 million...

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