Here Come the Specimen Jars

Drug tests proliferate, but legal challenges limit their use

For 90,000 railroad employees in the U.S., a day at work may now include a surprise: being selected for a random drug test. Last week the workers joined more than 650,000 other private-sector employees who during the past month have become subject to new Department of Transportation rules requiring random tests. While many transport workers are already screened before hiring and after accidents, the department hopes its expanded rules will provide an even higher level of deterrence.

The new regulations are part of a growing push for drug detection in government and industry. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission now demands drug testing...

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